African Consensus Evolution – Brief History
The African Consensus concept emerged during the 2011 World Social Forum held in Dakar, Senegal. Drafting of the African Consensus Resolution was undertaken by NGO leaders working throughout the event (late January and throughout February 2011). Key spokespersons of the process were West African celebrity rapper Didier Awadi who is known for his outspoken activism, and Alioune Tine who has been a peace mediator in both Darfur and Cote Ivory. Leaders of the African branch of the World Social Forum were also deeply involved in the process.
Laurence Brahm was invited by these activists to help articulate the concepts and draft the original African Consensus Declaration that was tabled before the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights NGO Forum two months later. The African Consensus Declaration that was adopted by African Commission for Human and People's Rights NGO Forum in Gambia, in April 2011.
The African Economic Commission picked up on the ideas in the declaration and held a drafting session in October 2011 to draft the "African Consensus Statement to Rio+20". It was presented at Rio+20 during the conference summer 2012, incorporating the vision into the ideas of inclusive sustainability promoted by the UN system.
The two documents – “African Consensus Declaration” and the “African Consensus Statement to Rio+20” -- help to construct the economic paradigm by building the body of internationally recognized documentation.
In summer 2014, Tanzania’s President Jakaya Kikwete summoned Laurence Brahm (the original drafter of the African Consensus Declaration) together with John Masuka (Tanzania’s “father of inclusive finance”) to the northern State House in Dodoma. There President Kikwete explained his own intention to convene the African Consensus Forum as a multi-stakeholder process between civil society, business-finance and government. Kikwete was one of the original conveners of the Helsinki Process, in his previous role as Tanzania’s Foreign Minister. The Helsinki Process calls for multi-stakeholder participation in resolving political and leadership challenges. By convening the African Consensus Forum as an extension of the Helsinki Process, Kikwete extended that process from the realm of governance to economics. The Uongozi Institute, a leadership organization that is an outcome of the original Helsinki Process, is the body where the African Consensus Institute is to be located. Expectations are for the African Consensus to be an annual event that convenes each year in early December.
African Consensus - a Fresh Economic Paradigm
African Consensus can be a framework for preventing violence and terrorism, which are often rooted in both economic and social marginalization of people from different identity groups.
Core Themes and Principles
African Consensus will be built upon the pan-African visions articulated by Mwalimu Julius K Nyerere and Kwame Nkrumah, P.C, carrying them into the current global context and need for a fresh economic paradigm and new financial architecture for the developing word as we face the challenges of climate change and diminishing resources. It will adopt the multi-stakeholder approach of the Helsinki Process as convened by Tanzania’s President Jakaya Kikwete and Finland’s former President and Nobel Peace Laureate Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari, extending the Helsinki Process from politics and governance into the realms of economics, business and finance.
Starting from the basis of these two documents African Consensus is an evolving economic paradigm to be built upon during future African Consensus Forum meetings where multi-stakeholders in the African continent: civil society, business, finance, and government will convene each year with regional break-out meetings throughout each year to articulate the aspirations and pathways to African development based on pragmatism and experiences shared between stakeholders.
The African Consensus Forum “Green-print” will be the annual outcome document of each African Consensus Forum to serve as a green growth blueprint of development and a continuing reference of best practices articulated by the stakeholders each year.
African Consensus Declaration
Forum de participation des ONG à la
Commission africaine des droits de l'Homme et des Peuples
Déclaration de sur le Consensus africain
African Consensus Declaration
The African Consensus presents a fresh economic development paradigm built upon three core principles: